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保安業興起較早的國家

來源:http://www.6808870.com  點擊次數:    發布時間:2018-07-16
自上個世紀60年代以來,日本便在經濟發展的同時,注重為社會提供一種適合國情的保安服務。迄今,這種服務已經形成了頗有特色的日本保安模式:即在《保安法》的框架下,民間成立保安協會,通過保安協會溝通警察機關和保安企業。保安協會依據保安法對會員企業實行資格培訓;保安企業可介入到人防、技防、押運等領域;警察機關依據法律對其監督、考查。于是在法律的框架內實現了民間和公共安全體系之間的良性互補,完善了社會服務體系。
Since the 60s of last century, Japan has been focusing on providing a security service suited to the national conditions for the society at the same time of economic development. So far, this service has formed a typical Japanese security model: under the framework of the security law, the civil security association is set up by the folk to communicate the police and security enterprises through the security association. The security association carries out the qualification training for the member enterprises according to the security law; the security enterprises can intervene in the fields of civil defence, technical defense and escort, and the police shall supervise and examine them according to the law. Thus, in the framework of the law, we have realized the benign complementarity between the civil and public safety system and improved the social service system.
在長達近50年的發展過程中,日本的保安企業又形成了以西科姆為龍頭的格局,其西科姆公司占據日本保安業65%的市場份額。因此,從操作層面上看,研究日本的保安模式,就是研究西科姆的營運模式。
In the course of the development of nearly 50 years, the Japanese security enterprises have formed a pattern with the leading role of the West Kim, which occupies 65% of the market share of the Japanese security industry. Therefore, from the operational level, the study of Japan's security mode is to study the operation mode of the West Bank.
在日本,保安業是受警察廳負責社會安全的人身安全部監督的,保安從業公司為商業社團提供安全服務。據統計,截至2001年12月,日本共有235,000名警察,與保安員的比例約為1:551。日本警察機關對保安行業的行政指導、監督是通過一個民間組織“日本保安業協會”來完成的。它在警察機關和保安企業之間起著橋梁作用。該協會現任主席為飯田亮先生,他亦是日本大的保安企業--西科姆公司的總裁。同時,保安企業對行政方面的要求和建議也是通過該協會反映上去的。作為一個規范的組織,該協會還為會員公司提供保安培訓、公共關系培訓,并制定計劃以便對會員企業實行考核,使它們更好地遵守日本1972年頒布的《保安法》。該法規定,從業人員必須遵守、接受資格培訓,這是因為該行業從事的業務涉及第三方人身和財產安全。1982年修訂了日本《保安法》追加了關于技防服務的新條款。警方特別強調運營公司必須保證服務運營系統的質量,因為只有當民間和公共運營體系達到一種完美的互補配合時,才能為全社會提供一種好的服務。為了實現警方與保安企業的關系互補,完善社會服務體系,日本《保安法》規定:一次出警由保安公司負責,在這一點上,日本的保安法與其他國家相比是非常特別的。也正是由于建立了此種穩定的配合關系,日本警察和保安公司之間無任何磨擦和沖突。
青島保安服務公司
In Japan, the security industry is supervised by the Department of human security, which is responsible for social security by the police department, and security companies provide safety services for business associations. According to statistics, as of December 2001, there were 235000 policemen in Japan, with a ratio of 1:551 to security guards. The Japanese police's administrative guidance and supervision on the security industry is accomplished through a non-governmental organization, the Japanese Security Association. It plays a bridge role between the police and security enterprises. The current chairman of the association is Mr. Iida Ryo, who is also the president of the company, the largest security company in Japan. At the same time, the requirements and suggestions of security enterprises for administration are also reflected by the association. As a normative organization, the association also provides security training, public relations training for member companies and plans to assess member companies so that they can better comply with the security law issued by Japan in 1972. The law stipulates that practitioners must abide by and receive qualification training, because the business of the industry involves third party personal and property safety. In 1982, the Japanese Security Act was amended to add new provisions on technical and defensive services. The police especially stressed that the operation company must guarantee the quality of the service operation system, because only when the civil and public operation systems reach a perfect complementarity can provide the best service for the whole society. In order to realize the complementary relationship between the police and the security enterprises and improve the social service system, the Japanese security law stipulates that the first police officer is responsible for the security company. At this point, the security law of Japan is very special compared with other countries. It is precisely because of the establishment of such a stable relationship that there is no friction and conflict between Japanese police and security companies.
截至2001年12月,日本有9900家保安公司,該行業的從業者超過42萬人。其中,有5186家公司從事人防保安,占從業人數的52.4%;有812家公司從事技術防范,從業人數超過3.3萬人,占從業人數的8.2%。在日本,共有1228個控制中心,3990名管制人員,并提供24小時全天候的監控服務。日本全國有281,202個工作人員,13,479臺緊急救護車輛,他們分別駐扎在8,736個緊急對應站中隨時待命。到目前為止,有緊急救應系統的場所已突破了3100萬家。其中,屬于日本西科姆公司投資的有65萬家,市場占有率為65%,截至2002年3月,西科姆公司擁有72萬家用戶,包括20萬家家庭用戶和52萬家商業用戶。
As of December 2001, there were 9900 security companies in Japan, with over 420 thousand practitioners in the industry. Among them, 5186 companies are engaged in civil defence security, accounting for 52.4% of the number of employees; 812 companies are engaged in technical prevention, and the number of employees is more than 33 thousand, accounting for 8.2% of the number of employees. In Japan, there are 1228 control centers, 3990 control personnel and 24 hour all-weather monitoring services. There are 281202 staff members and 13479 emergency ambulances in Japan. They are stationed in 8736 emergency correspondence stations at any time. So far, the emergency rescue system has exceeded 3100. Among them, there are 65 million invested by the Japanese company, with a market share of 65%. As of March 2002, the company owned 72 million users, including 20 million family users and 52 million commercial users.
更多的關于青島保安服務公司或者詳細的內容,請進入我們公司的網站:http://www.6808870.com 網站中會有很多的內容僅供參考。
More about Qingdao security service or detailed content, please enter our company's website: there will be a lot of content on the http://www.6808870.com website for reference only.
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