來源：http://www.6808870.com 點擊次數： 發布時間：2018-07-16
Since the 60s of last century, Japan has been focusing on providing a security service suited to the national conditions for the society at the same time of economic development. So far, this service has formed a typical Japanese security model: under the framework of the security law, the civil security association is set up by the folk to communicate the police and security enterprises through the security association. The security association carries out the qualification training for the member enterprises according to the security law; the security enterprises can intervene in the fields of civil defence, technical defense and escort, and the police shall supervise and examine them according to the law. Thus, in the framework of the law, we have realized the benign complementarity between the civil and public safety system and improved the social service system.
In the course of the development of nearly 50 years, the Japanese security enterprises have formed a pattern with the leading role of the West Kim, which occupies 65% of the market share of the Japanese security industry. Therefore, from the operational level, the study of Japan's security mode is to study the operation mode of the West Bank.
In Japan, the security industry is supervised by the Department of human security, which is responsible for social security by the police department, and security companies provide safety services for business associations. According to statistics, as of December 2001, there were 235000 policemen in Japan, with a ratio of 1:551 to security guards. The Japanese police's administrative guidance and supervision on the security industry is accomplished through a non-governmental organization, the Japanese Security Association. It plays a bridge role between the police and security enterprises. The current chairman of the association is Mr. Iida Ryo, who is also the president of the company, the largest security company in Japan. At the same time, the requirements and suggestions of security enterprises for administration are also reflected by the association. As a normative organization, the association also provides security training, public relations training for member companies and plans to assess member companies so that they can better comply with the security law issued by Japan in 1972. The law stipulates that practitioners must abide by and receive qualification training, because the business of the industry involves third party personal and property safety. In 1982, the Japanese Security Act was amended to add new provisions on technical and defensive services. The police especially stressed that the operation company must guarantee the quality of the service operation system, because only when the civil and public operation systems reach a perfect complementarity can provide the best service for the whole society. In order to realize the complementary relationship between the police and the security enterprises and improve the social service system, the Japanese security law stipulates that the first police officer is responsible for the security company. At this point, the security law of Japan is very special compared with other countries. It is precisely because of the establishment of such a stable relationship that there is no friction and conflict between Japanese police and security companies.
As of December 2001, there were 9900 security companies in Japan, with over 420 thousand practitioners in the industry. Among them, 5186 companies are engaged in civil defence security, accounting for 52.4% of the number of employees; 812 companies are engaged in technical prevention, and the number of employees is more than 33 thousand, accounting for 8.2% of the number of employees. In Japan, there are 1228 control centers, 3990 control personnel and 24 hour all-weather monitoring services. There are 281202 staff members and 13479 emergency ambulances in Japan. They are stationed in 8736 emergency correspondence stations at any time. So far, the emergency rescue system has exceeded 3100. Among them, there are 65 million invested by the Japanese company, with a market share of 65%. As of March 2002, the company owned 72 million users, including 20 million family users and 52 million commercial users.
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